The politics of (in)visibility displays: Ultra-Orthodox women manoeuvring within and between visibility regimes

Varda Wasserman, Michal Frenkel

פרסום מחקרי: פרסום בכתב עתמאמרביקורת עמיתים

תקציר

How does the multiplicity of surveilling gazes affect the experience of employees subjected to a matrix of domination in organisations? Building on a case study of ultra-religious Jewish women in Israeli high-tech organisations, the article demonstrates how the intersectionality of gender and religiosity exposed them to a matrix of contradicting visibility regimes – managerial, peers, and religious community. By displaying their compliance with each visibility regime, they were constructed as hyper-subjugated employees, but simultaneously were able to use (in)visibility as a resource. Specifically, by manoeuvring between the various gazes and playing one visibility regime against the other, they challenged some of the organisational and religious norms that served to marginalise them, yet upheld their status as worthy members of both institutions. Juxtaposing theoretical insights from organisational surveillance and gender studies, the article reveals the role of multiple surveilling gazes in both the reproduction of minorities’ marginalisation, and their ability to mobilise it to maintain their collective identities.

שפה מקוריתאנגלית
עמודים (מ-עד)1609-1631
מספר עמודים23
כתב עתHuman Relations
כרך73
מספר גיליון12
מזהי עצם דיגיטלי (DOIs)
סטטוס פרסוםפורסם - 1 דצמ׳ 2020

הערה ביבליוגרפית

Funding Information:
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9522-8857 Wasserman Varda The Open University of Israel, Israel, vardawa@openu.ac.il Frenkel Michal The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel, michal.frenkel1@mail.huji.ac.il Varda Wasserman, Department of Management and Economics, The Open University of Israel, 1 University Road, Raanana, 4353701, Israel. Email: vardawa@openu.ac.il 10 2019 0018726719879984 © The Author(s) 2019 2019 The Tavistock Institute How does the multiplicity of surveilling gazes affect the experience of employees subjected to a matrix of domination in organisations? Building on a case study of ultra-religious Jewish women in Israeli high-tech organisations, the article demonstrates how the intersectionality of gender and religiosity exposed them to a matrix of contradicting visibility regimes – managerial, peers, and religious community. By displaying their compliance with each visibility regime, they were constructed as hyper-subjugated employees, but simultaneously were able to use (in)visibility as a resource. Specifically, by manoeuvring between the various gazes and playing one visibility regime against the other, they challenged some of the organisational and religious norms that served to marginalise them, yet upheld their status as worthy members of both institutions. Juxtaposing theoretical insights from organisational surveillance and gender studies, the article reveals the role of multiple surveilling gazes in both the reproduction of minorities’ marginalisation, and their ability to mobilise it to maintain their collective identities. Gender in organisations identity displays intersectionality marginalisation matrix of domination power and control religion and organisation surveillance and minority groups visibility regime rothschild caesarea foundation https://doi.org/10.13039/501100003948 50505 The Israeli Ministry of Science and Technology 48444 edited-state corrected-proof The authors wish to thank Micki Eisenman, Sharon Gilad, Gili Drori, Karen Dale, and Michele Rivkin-Fish as well as the anonymous reviewers for extremely helpful comments and suggestions. We also thank our interviewees for sharing with us their stories. Funding The authors disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: this work was supported by the Israeli Ministry of Science and Technology [grant number 48444]; the Rothschild Caesarea Foundation [grant number 50505]. ORCID iD Varda Wasserman https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9522-8857

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