Massive visual long-term memory is largely dependent on meaning

פרסום מחקרי: פרסום בכתב עתמאמרביקורת עמיתים

תקציר

Previous research demonstrated a massive capacity of visual long-term memory (VLTM) for meaningful images. However, the capacity and limits of a “pure” VLTM that is independent of conceptual information still need to be determined. In the encoding phase of three experiments, participants viewed hundreds of images depicting real-world objects, along with visually similar images that were stripped of their semantic meaning. VLTM was evaluated using a four-alternative-forced-choice test including old and new images and their counterpart mirror transformations. The results revealed superior memory for meaningful than for meaningless stimuli and importantly, there was no hint of a massive VLTM for the meaningless items. Furthermore, when examining memory recognition of visual properties per-se (i.e., original/mirror state), memory was overall poor, and practically negligible for the meaningless items. Taken together, our findings suggest that meaning is critical for massive VLTM and for the ability to store visual properties.

שפה מקוריתאנגלית
עמודים (מ-עד)666-675
מספר עמודים10
כתב עתPsychonomic Bulletin and Review
כרך30
מספר גיליון2
תאריך מקוון מוקדם11 אוק׳ 2022
מזהי עצם דיגיטלי (DOIs)
סטטוס פרסוםפרסום מקדים מקוון - 11 אוק׳ 2022

הערה ביבליוגרפית

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Psychonomic Society, Inc.

© 2022. The Psychonomic Society, Inc.

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