The common practice worldwide is to trade corporate bonds over the counter (OTC). Conversely, in Israel bonds are traded on an exchange like stocks. We document that during the COVID-19 crisis, trading activity in the Israeli corporate bond market rose sharply despite a significant decrease in liquidity. It occurred without the need for any regulatory intervention. Our findings differ from the evidence on major OTC bond markets, where a liquidity crisis prompt central banks to intervene and ensure market stability. The patterns we document in the Israeli exchange-based bond market resemble to the evidence recorded in exchange-based equity markets worldwide. The findings indicate that trading mechanism may serve as a determinant of financial stability.
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