Within and beyond citizenship: Alternative educational initiatives in the Arab society in Israel

Gal Levy, Mohammad Massalha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In recent years, Arab-Palestinian citizens in Israel are in search of 'a new vocabulary of citizenship', among other ways, by resorting to 'alternative educational initiatives'. We investigate and compare three alternative schools, each challenging the contested conception of Israeli citizenship. Our findings reveal different educational strategies to become 'claimants of rights', yet all initiatives demonstrate the constraints Arab citizens face while trying to become 'activist citizens' (E.F. Isin, 2009. Citizenship in flux: the figure of the activist citizen. Subjectivity, 29 (1), 367-388.).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)905-917
Number of pages13
JournalCitizenship Studies
Issue number7
StatePublished - Oct 2012

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We wish to acknowledge the support of the Israel Science Foundation (grant no. 217/09) for this research. We also extend our thanks to Professor Engin F. Isin for his insightful comments to an earlier draft of the article, and to the editors and reviewers of Citizenship Studies. This article was first presented at a conference on ‘Education and Citizenship in a Globalising World’ that was held at the Institute of Education, University of London on 19-20 November 2010. No one but us of course is responsible for the contents of this article.


  • Arab citizenship and education (Israel)
  • activist citizenship
  • alternative education


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