Whose homework is it? Different types of parents’ dependent help-giving in homework

Yael Grinshtain, Gal Harpaz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Homework is considered a major means for connecting learning processes at school with the home/family sphere. This qualitative study illuminates parents’ engagement in their children’s homework by exploring (1) parents’ and teachers’ perceptions of homework goals and characteristics and (2) the types of parental help-giving with homework. Using a snowballing sample, 24 participants, 13 parents and 11 teachers from Jewish and Arab elementary schools, were interviewed. Grounded theory was used based on identification and coding of relevant categories. Three main themes were identified regarding homework goals and characteristics: homework as (1) establishing partnership; (2) raising doubts about teachers’ professionalism; and (3) increasing tension and conflict between teachers, parents, and children. In addition, three themes of dependent help-giving were found: parent as reminder, parent as partner, and parent as student. The meaning and implications of the extensive use of dependent help-giving will be further discussed.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)233-256
Number of pages24
JournalElementary School Journal
Issue number2
StatePublished - Dec 2021

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