Objectives The present study examines which factors older adults consider as important when rating their subjective nearness-to-death (SNtD), as well as the associations between corresponding variables as reported in a multidimensional questionnaire and responses on a SNtD question. In addition, we examine whether importance ratings fit or diverge from the actual associations between corresponding variables and SNtD. Method Two hundred and seventy-two participants (average age 80.75) reported their health and functioning, their SNtD, and the importance of each of 13 preselected factors in evaluating SNtD. Results Respondents considered physical functioning and psychological factors as the most important factors to their SNtD evaluation, and genetic factors (i.e., age, gender, parental longevity) as the least important. Ratings of importance were strongly and positively correlated with the strength of the associations between the corresponding variables and SNtD. Discussion Older adults appear to have implicit knowledge of the factors that affect their SNtD. Yet, this knowledge is sometimes biased and does not necessarily represent variables that have been identified as related to actual longevity.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journals of Gerontology - Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences|
|State||Published - 1 Jan 2019|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Israel Science Foundation (ISF; grant number 1234/14).
© 2017 The Author(s).
- End-of-life evaluations
- Perceptions of aging
- Subjective nearness-to-death