Topology-Free Typology of Beliefs

Aviad Heifetz, Dov Samet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In their seminal paper, Mertens and Zamir (Int. Game Theory14(1985), 1-29) proved the existence of a universal Harsanyi type space which consists of all possible types. Their method of proof depends crucially on topological assumptions. Whether such assumptions are essential to the existence of a universal space remained an open problem. Here we prove that a universal type space does exist even when spaces are defined in pure measure theoretic terms. Heifetz and Samet (mimeo, Tel Aviv University, 1996) showed that coherent hierarchies of beliefs, in the measure theoretic case, do not necessarily describe types. Therefore, the universal space here differs from all previously studied ones, in that it does not necessarily consist of all coherent hierarchies of beliefs.Journal of Economic LiteratureClassification Numbers: D80, D82.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)324-341
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Economic Theory
Issue number2
StatePublished - Oct 1998
Externally publishedYes


Dive into the research topics of 'Topology-Free Typology of Beliefs'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this