Tomographic intensity mapping versus galaxy surveys: Observing the Universe in Hα emission with new generation instruments

Marta B. Silva, Saleem Zaroubi, Robin Kooistra, Asantha Cooray

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The Hα line emission is an important probe for a number of fundamental quantities in galaxies, including their number density, star formation rate (SFR), and overall gas content. A new generation of low-resolution intensity mapping (IM) probes, e.g. SPHEREx and CDIM, will observe galaxies in Hα emission over a large fraction of the sky from the local Universe till a redshift of z ~ 6 - 10, respectively. This will also be the target line for observations by the high-resolution Euclid and WFIRST instruments in the z ~ 0.7-2 redshift range. In this paper, we estimate the intensity and power spectra of the Hα line in the z ~ 0-5 redshift range using observed line luminosity functions (LFs), when possible, and simulations, otherwise. We estimate the significance of our predictions by accounting for the modelling uncertainties (e.g. SFR, extinction, etc.) and observational contamination. We find that IM surveys can make a statistical detection of the full Hα emission between z ~ 0.8 and 5. Moreover, we find that the high-frequency resolution and the sensitivity of the planned CDIM surveys allow for the separation of Hα emission from several interloping lines. We explore ways to use the combination of these line intensities to probe galaxy properties. As expected, our study indicates that galaxy surveys will only detect bright galaxies that contribute up to a few per cent of the overall Hα intensity. However, these surveys will provide important constraints on the high end of the Hα LF and put strong constraints on the active galactic nucleus LF.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberstx3265
Pages (from-to)1587-1608
Number of pages22
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume475
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2018

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors thank the anonymous referee whose comments and suggestions helped to improve the quality of the article. We also thank the Netherlands Foundation for Scientific Research support through the VICI grant 639.043.006.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 The Author(s).

Keywords

  • Dust, Extinction
  • Galaxies: High-redshift
  • Galaxies: ISM
  • Galaxies: Star formation
  • Submillimetre: Galaxies

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