The dynamics of ions in an electrostatic ion beam trap in the presence of an external time-dependent field is studied with a recently developed particle-in-cell simulation technique. The simulation technique, capable of accounting for space-charge effects, has reproduced all the experimental results on the bunch dynamics in the radio frequency mode. With simulation, the motion of ions is visualized in phase space and it is shown that the ion-ion interaction strongly affects the distribution of ions in phase space in the presence of an rf driving voltage.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
D.G. acknowledges financial support from a Dean of Faculty Fellowship of the Weizmann Institute of Science, Israel, and Science and Engineering Research Board, Department of Science and Technology, Government of India (Grant No. SRG/2022/000394) and a SEED grant (Grant No. SG20220145) from Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore, India. R.R. and C.N. acknowledge support from NSF Grants No. PHY-1565546 and No. PHY-2111185. Computational resources and services were provided by the Institute for Cyber-Enabled Research at Michigan State University. This research was supported by the Israel Science Foundation (Grant No. 3874/21).
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