This study investigated the phenomenon of citizenship pressure (CP) - a job demand in which employees feel pressured to engage in citizenship behavior - among teachers, by exploring its nature, sources, and consequences. Results of in-depth semi-structured interviews provide initial support for the validity of the concept in the school context. Interviewees referred to both external and internal pressures, with the former seemingly more prevalent. Results indicate that CP impacts individuals as well as the school as a whole. Findings suggest that principals should encourage teachers to exhibit citizenship behaviors voluntarily, without paying the costs of acting under undesirable pressure.
- Citizenship pressure
- Organizational citizenship behavior