This article analyzes Web-based networks of Palestinian communities in Germany, France, Italy, Austria, Australia, the United States, Canada, Spain, Argentina, Chile and Uruguay. The findings show a thematic and demographic shift from organizations of Palestinian communities abroad to a transnational solidarity network focused on Palestinian rights and the Boycott movement. Although the Palestinian Territories function as the network's strong center of gravity, analysis of the references reveals that diaspora and non-diaspora actors operate as two distinct but intertwined networks: while diaspora actors are unique in putting emphasis on community as activity type and on diaspora and the right of return as primary cause, non-diaspora actors are mainly dedicated to solidarity as activity and Palestinian rights and the Boycott movement as primary cause. Despite this, ties between diaspora and non-diaspora actors are stronger than among diaspora actors, which indicates that part of the dynamics of Palestinian communities is manifest not just between diaspora communities, but mostly between diaspora communities and civil society organizations in their host societies.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by the ICT-Migrations program of the Fondation Maison des Sciences de l’Homme, Paris and by the PhD President’s Scholarship, Bar-Ilan University. The author would like to express her sincere thanks to Dana Diminescu, Mathieu Jacomy and Matthieu Renault (FMSH, Paris) and Adi Zamir-Nitsan (Bar-Ilan University).