* This research was supported by a grant of the Israel Science Foundation no. 663/14 and by the Mandel Scholion Interdisciplinary Research Center in the Humanities and Jewish Studies at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. I wish to thank Professor Benjamin Z. Kedar and Professor Sarit Shalev-Eyn Sarit Shalev-Eyni for their comments on an earlier version of this paper. I thank Dr Marie-Adélaïde Nielen of the Archives Nationales de France and Professor Brigitte Bedos-Rezak of NYU for their friendly advice on seals. I also thank Professor Luciana Petracca of the University of Salento for kindly providing me with copies of the Register of Antonino Amico, and Netta Amir for her assistance.