The Iron Age ceramic technology used in the manufacture of functional pottery from Galilee was studied. Applied methods included petrography, X-ray diffraction, infrared spectroscopy and chemical analyses. The results demonstrate that the potters in biblical times had knowledge of raw materials and manufacturing technologies, enabling them to select suitable ones, according to their advantages, for the manufacture of cooking pots, storage jars and tableware vessels. The paper describes the petrography of the pottery, the composition of the ceramic matrix, the firing temperature, the tempering of the cooking pots, the processes that allow consolidation of the ceramic and the origin of the pottery. The results are placed in an archaeological context.