The Big Five personality factors and personal values

Sonia Roccas, Lilach Sagiv, Shalom H. Schwartz, Ariel Knafo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The authors relate Big Five personality traits to basic values in a sample of 246 students. As hypothesized, Agreeableness correlates most positively with benevolence and tradition values, Openness with self-direction and universalism values, Extroversion with achievement and stimulation values, and Conscientiousness with achievement and conformity values. Correlations of values with facets of the five factors reveal nuances of the facets and clarify ambiguities in the meanings of the factors. Values and personality traits exhibit different patterns of correlation with religiosity and positive affect. Findings support the idea that the influence of values on behavior depends more on cognitive control than does the influence of traits.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)789-801
Number of pages13
JournalPersonality and Social Psychology Bulletin
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2002


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