Stressors, stress and coping in dual-demand environments: The case of working ‘back to schoolers’

Dafna Kariv, Tali Heiman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The main objective of this study is to explore the coping behaviours of Israeli continuing education students who combine work and academic studies. Multi-level analyses revealed that: (1) perceived academic stress is determined by academic load and perceived work stress by workload; (2) coping strategies are related to an array of perceived stresses; and (3) perceived academic stress has a significant influence on coping strategies even after academic load, workload, social support and demographics are taken into account. A major inference of our results is that workers who face dual-demanding environments consider their work to be less controllable than their academic environment and use different coping behaviours to manage each of their dual-demand environments. Implications on the role of organisations in reducing stress of working students are discussed.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)91-110
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Adult and Continuing Education
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 May 2005


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