## Abstract

We introduce the problem of finding a spanning tree along with a partition of the tree edges into fewest number of feasible sets, where constraints on the edges define feasibility. The motivation comes from wireless networking, where we seek to model the irregularities seen in actual wireless environments. Not all node pairs may be able to communicate, even if geographically close - thus, the available pairs are specified with a link graph L = (V, E). Also, signal attenuation need not follow a nice geometric formula - hence, interference is modeled by a conflict (hyper)graph C = (E, F) on the links. The objective is to maximize the e ciency of the communication, or equivalently, to minimize the length of a schedule of the tree edges in the form of a coloring. We find that in spite of all this generality, the problem can be approximated linearly in terms of a versatile parameter, the inductive independence of the interference graph. Specifically, we give a simple algorithm that attains a O(ρ log n)-approximation, where n is the number of nodes and ρ is the inductive independence, and show that near-linear dependence on ρ is also necessary. We also treat an extension to Steiner trees, modeling multicasting, and obtain a comparable result. Our results suggest that several canonical assumptions of geometry, regularity and “niceness” in wireless settings can sometimes be relaxed without a significant hit in algorithm performance.

Original language | English |
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Title of host publication | 45th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming, ICALP 2018 |

Editors | Christos Kaklamanis, Daniel Marx, Ioannis Chatzigiannakis, Donald Sannella |

Publisher | Schloss Dagstuhl- Leibniz-Zentrum fur Informatik GmbH, Dagstuhl Publishing |

ISBN (Electronic) | 9783959770767 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 1 Jul 2018 |

Externally published | Yes |

Event | 45th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming, ICALP 2018 - Prague, Czech Republic Duration: 9 Jul 2018 → 13 Jul 2018 |

### Publication series

Name | Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics, LIPIcs |
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Volume | 107 |

ISSN (Print) | 1868-8969 |

### Conference

Conference | 45th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming, ICALP 2018 |
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Country/Territory | Czech Republic |

City | Prague |

Period | 9/07/18 → 13/07/18 |

### Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:© 2018 Schloss Dagstuhl- Leibniz-Zentrum fur Informatik GmbH, Dagstuhl Publishing. All rights reserved.

## Keywords

- Aggregation
- Approximation algorithms
- Spanning trees
- Wireless capacity