G protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) play a key role in the vast majority of cellular signal transduction processes. Previous experimental evidence has shown that sodium ion (Na+) allosterically modulate several class A GPCRs and theoretical studies suggested that the same also holds true for muscarinic receptors. Here we examined, using Xenopus oocytes as an expression system, the effect of Na+ on a prototypical GPCR, the M2 muscarinic receptor (M2R). We found that removal of extracellular Na+ resulted in a decrease in the potency of ACh toward the M2R and that a conserved aspartate in transmembrane domain 2 is crucial for this effect. We further show that this allosteric effect of Na+ does not underlie the voltage-dependence of this receptor.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by an internal Grant from the Open University of Israel.
© 2020, The Author(s).