TY - JOUR

T1 - Sigma model Q-balls and Q-stars

AU - Verbin, Y.

N1 - Copyright:
Copyright 2007 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

PY - 2007/10/22

Y1 - 2007/10/22

N2 - A new kind of Q-balls is found: Q-balls in a nonlinear sigma model. Their main properties are presented together with those of their self-gravitating generalization, sigma model Q-stars. A simple special limit of solutions which are bound by gravity alone ("sigma stars") is also discussed briefly. The analysis is based on calculating the mass, global U(1) charge and binding energy for families of solutions parametrized by the central value of the scalar field. Two kinds (differing by the potential term) of the new sigma model Q-balls and Q-stars are analyzed. They are found to share some characteristics while differing in other respects like their properties for weak central scalar fields which depend strongly on the form of the potential term. They are also compared with their ordinary counterparts and although similar in some respects, significant differences are found like the existence of an upper bound on the central scalar field. A special subset of the sigma model Q-stars contains those which do not possess a flat space limit. Their relation with sigma star solutions is discussed.

AB - A new kind of Q-balls is found: Q-balls in a nonlinear sigma model. Their main properties are presented together with those of their self-gravitating generalization, sigma model Q-stars. A simple special limit of solutions which are bound by gravity alone ("sigma stars") is also discussed briefly. The analysis is based on calculating the mass, global U(1) charge and binding energy for families of solutions parametrized by the central value of the scalar field. Two kinds (differing by the potential term) of the new sigma model Q-balls and Q-stars are analyzed. They are found to share some characteristics while differing in other respects like their properties for weak central scalar fields which depend strongly on the form of the potential term. They are also compared with their ordinary counterparts and although similar in some respects, significant differences are found like the existence of an upper bound on the central scalar field. A special subset of the sigma model Q-stars contains those which do not possess a flat space limit. Their relation with sigma star solutions is discussed.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=35649000155&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevD.76.085018

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevD.76.085018

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AN - SCOPUS:35649000155

SN - 1550-7998

VL - 76

JO - Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology

JF - Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology

IS - 8

M1 - 085018

ER -