Phase Diagram of the Ternary System NaCl/CsCl/H2O Elucidated by Mechanochemical Equilibration

Shiomo Shoval, Hans J. Seifert, Reuven Azoury, Shmuel Yariv

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Mechanochemical equilibration of the ternary system NaCl/CsCl/H2O was investigated using two types of grinders: (I) a ball mill (a closed system) and (II) a mortar grinder (an open system). Products obtained by grinding mixtures with different molar ratios of NaCl, CsCl, and H2O ware determined by X-ray diffraction, IR, NMR, and thermal analysis. These are either solid solutions of hydrated NaCl in CsCl, Cs1-x[Na(H2O)]xCl, or a hydrated double salt, Cs[Na(H2O)]2Cl3. By applying the ball mill grinder, it was possible to construct a phase diagram of the NaCl/CsCl/H2O system in the area in which only solids exist in the equilibrium state. In the mortar grinder the ground material was in contact with the atmosphere and water was exchanged between the solids and the atmosphere (adsorption or desorption). Solid solutions were obtained by both techniques whereas the double salt was obtained only by ball mill grinding. The differences in the results of the two grinding techniques were explained on the basis of the phase diagram.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)224-228
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Chemical & Engineering Data
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Apr 1992


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