The main question that is discussed in this paper is the way in which the Ministry of Education in Israel dealt with the changes in the political reality, and the shift from violent relations towards the possibility of peace agreements between Israel and its neighbours and the Palestinians. Drawing on the analysis of official documents - Director General Directives (DGDs) - this paper asks how the possibility for peace was understood by the Ministry of Education and how the role of the education system and educators was defined. It also asks to what extent changes in the political reality have altered the dominant discourses (militarism and peace-loving society) while making room for a more positive form of peace education. The analysis reveals that the changes in political reality have led to the articulation of two unique responses, alongside the dominant discourses. They are peace as a surprise and peace as a disturbance. This paper focuses on these two responses and the ways in which they correspond to the militaristic culture and the image of Israel as a peace-loving society, and how they might shape peace education.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We are grateful to the Open University and to the Tammy Steinmetz Centre for Peace Research for their financial support. We also thank Michal Mor, Mohammad Massalha, Gili Hartal and Racheli Hartal for their assistance in collecting and sorting out the data.
- Israeli-arab conflict
- Official documents
- Peace as a disturbance
- Peace as a surprise