## Abstract

We study two problems related to the Small Set Expansion Conjecture [14]: the Maximum weight m ∈-edge cover (MWEC) problem and the Fixed cost minimum edge cover (FCEC) problem. In the MWEC problem, we are given an undirected simple graph G = (V,E) with integral vertex weights. The goal is to select a set U ⊆ V of maximum weight so that the number of edges with at least one endpoint in U is at most m'. Goldschmidt and Hochbaum [8] show that the problem is NP-hard and they give a 3-approximation algorithm for the problem. The approximation guarantee was improved to 2+∈, for any fixed ∈ > 0 [12]. We present an approximation algorithm that achieves a guarantee of 2. Interestingly, we also show that for any constant ∈ > 0, a (2 − ∈)- ratio for MWEC implies that the Small Set Expansion Conjecture [14] does not hold. Thus, assuming the Small Set Expansion Conjecture, the bound of 2 is tight. In the FCEC problem, we are given a vertex weighted graph, a bound k, and our goal is to find a subset of vertices U of total weight at least k such that the number of edges with at least one edges in U is minimized. A 2(1 + ∈)-approximation for the problem follows from the work of Carnes and Shmoys [3]. We improve the approximation ratio by giving a 2-approximation algorithm for the problem and show a (2−∈)-inapproximability under Small Set Expansion Conjecture conjecture. Only the NP-hardness result was known for this problem [8]. We show that a natural linear program for FCEC has an integrality gap of 2 − o(1). We also show that for any constant ρ > 1, an approximation guarantee of ρ for the FCEC problem implies a ρ(1+o(1)) approximation for MWEC. Finally, we define the Degrees density augmentation problem which is the density version of the FCEC problem. In this problem we are given an undirected graph G = (V,E) and a set U ⊆ V . The objective is to find a set W so that (e(W) + e(U,W))/deg(W) is maximum. This problem admits an LP-based exact solution [4]. We give a combinatorial algorithm for this problem.

Original language | English |
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Title of host publication | Graph-Theoretic Concepts in Computer Science - 40th International Workshop, WG 2014, Revised Selected Papers |

Editors | Dieter Kratsch, Ioan Todinca |

Publisher | Springer Verlag |

Pages | 189-200 |

Number of pages | 12 |

ISBN (Electronic) | 9783319123394 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 2014 |

Externally published | Yes |

Event | 40th International Workshop on Graph-Theoretic Concepts in Computer Science, WG 2014 - Orléans, France Duration: 25 Jun 2014 → 27 Jun 2014 |

### Publication series

Name | Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) |
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Volume | 8747 |

ISSN (Print) | 0302-9743 |

ISSN (Electronic) | 1611-3349 |

### Conference

Conference | 40th International Workshop on Graph-Theoretic Concepts in Computer Science, WG 2014 |
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Country/Territory | France |

City | Orléans |

Period | 25/06/14 → 27/06/14 |

### Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014.