Modeling the prompt optical emission of GRB 180325A: The evolution of a spike from the optical to gamma rays

R. L. Becerra, F. De Colle, J. Cantó, S. Lizano, R. F. González, J. Granot, A. Klotz, A. M. Watson, N. Fraija, A. T. Araudo, E. Troja, J. L. Atteia, W. H. Lee, D. Turpin, J. S. Bloom, M. Boer, N. R. Butler, J. J. González, A. S. Kutyrev, J. X. ProchaskaE. Ramirez-Ruiz, M. G. Richer, C. G. Román-Zúñiga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The transition from prompt to afterglow emission is one of the most exciting and least understood phases in gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). Correlations among optical, X-ray, and gamma-ray emission in GRBs have been explored, to attempt to answer whether the earliest optical emission comes from internal and/or external shocks. We present optical photometric observations of GRB 180325A collected with the TAROT and RATIR groundbased telescopes. These observations show two strong optical flashes with separate peaks at ~50 and ~120 s, followed by a temporally extended optical emission. We also present X-rays and gamma-ray observations of GRB 180325A, detected by the Burst Alert Telescope and X-ray Telescope, on the Neil Gehrels Swift observatory, which both observed a narrow flash at ~80 s. We show that the prompt gamma-ray and X-ray early emission shares similar temporal and spectral features consistent with internal dissipation within the relativistic outflow (e.g., by internal shocks or magnetic reconnection), while the early optical flashes are likely generated by the reverse shock that decelerates the ejecta as it sweeps up the external medium.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberabcd3a
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - 10 Feb 2021

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© 2021. The Author(s). Published by the American Astronomical Society.


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