Militarizing peace: Why did the Israeli military spearhead the Oslo Accords?

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This article deals with the question of why the Israeli military played a major role in the design and implementation of the Oslo Accords in the years 1993–2000 even though this process was originally initiated as a diplomatic move. It is argued that the explanation lies in the army's role in politically mobilizing the anti-Oslo front comprised of religious and peripheral groups, most of whom had a nationalist agenda, as a strategy to counter their resistance to the Accords. The ‘people's army’, through which many of these groups attained social mobility and which they had traditionally trusted, was inherently the most effective mechanism for achieving this goal. This role was further intensified in light of the government's social policies that made these groups ‘peace losers’. Political recruitment took the form of the army's role in designing the Oslo arrangements as military ones.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)145-159
Number of pages15
JournalContemporary Politics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • militarization
  • peace policies
  • political legitimation
  • political recruitment


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