Israel's violated republican equation

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Historically, Israel's ability to sustain a situation of armed conflict for a long time was predicated on the republican equation in which the dominant group - the secular Ashkenazim - exchanged military sacrifice for social dominance. Nonetheless, an imbalance between military burden and social rewards, which emerged during the 1970s and 1980s, led the middle-class Ashkenazim to undertake collective action aimed at reducing the burden of military service through protest and peace movements, along with more individual tactics. These modes of action, together with the attenuated status of the military, spurred on national-religious and Mizrachi groups to integrate themselves into the traditional equation, or to formulate an alternative one (the Gush Emunim and the Orthodox route). Arguably, the status of each group in the military, which itself saw an erosion in its social status, played a major part in shaping the nature, scope and strategy of each group's collective actions. The groups capitalized on the opportunities that the military offered them in accordance with their capacity to utilize the resources they had at their disposal.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)249-264
Number of pages16
JournalCitizenship Studies
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Collective action
  • Military hierarchy
  • Military service
  • Republican equation
  • Social hierarchy


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