Human Capital and National Security

Ronen Bar-El, Eyal Pecht, Asher Tishler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study evaluates the relationship between a country’s human capital and its capacity to achieve, over time, effective national security. We show that an increase in the importance that a country attributes to its future, and/or in the effectiveness of its education system, leads to a decline in its current civilian services but to increases in its future human capital, civilian services, national security, and social welfare. Data for the Israeli-Iranian arms race confirm our predictions and show that a predilection for short-term political or personal gains impedes investment in human capital and inhibits future economic growth, national security and social welfare.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)121-141
Number of pages21
JournalDefence and Peace Economics
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group


  • Arms race
  • D74
  • D78
  • D90
  • H56
  • H68
  • budget allocation
  • education
  • human capital
  • national security


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