Hierarchy of smart awareness in assembly 4.0 systems

Yuval Cohen, Maurizio Faccio, Amir Elaluf

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


Self-awareness and awareness as a whole are important components of artificial intelligence (AI). In particular, awareness is a central pillar of Industry 4.0. This paper reviews the literature related to smart awareness of machines and parts, and draws the hierarchy of smart awareness evolution. The paper suggests an ordered hierarchy of awareness starting with the single sensor and ending with a machine-cell. The paper discuss the awareness issues related to entities in various awareness types, such as: self-awareness, through self-configuration, self-healing, and self-organizing. The paper discusses the issues related to the awareness of: sensors, parts, sub-assemblies, products, machines, and machine cells. These entities have some awareness differences and some awareness similarities discussed in this paper.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1508-1512
Number of pages5
Issue number13
StatePublished - Sep 2019
Externally publishedYes
Event9th IFAC Conference on Manufacturing Modelling, Management and Control, MIM 2019 - Berlin, Germany
Duration: 28 Aug 201930 Aug 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019, IFAC (International Federation of Automatic Control) Hosting by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


  • Assembly 4.0
  • Context aware
  • Industry 4.0
  • Self-aware
  • Smart IoT
  • Smart manufacturing


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