This study considers the ways that overt hate speech and covert discriminatory practices circulate on Facebook despite its official policy that prohibits hate speech. We argue that hate speech and discriminatory practices are not only explained by users' motivations and actions, but are also formed by a network of ties between the platform's policy, its technological affordances, and the communicative acts of its users. Our argument is supported with longitudinal multimodal content and network analyses of data extracted from official Facebook pages of seven extreme-right political parties in Spain between 2009 and 2013. We found that the Spanish extreme-right political parties primarily implicate discrimination, which is then taken up by their followers who use overt hate speech in the comment space.
|Number of pages
|International Journal of Communication
|Published - 2016
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2016 Anat Ben-David & Ariadna Matamoros-Fernández.
- Covert discrimination
- Extreme right
- Hate speech
- Political parties
- Social media
- digital methods