The plant genus Suaeda (Chenopodiaceae) is host to approximately 30 species of gall midges mainly in Central Asia and the Mediterranean Basin. However, the actual number of cecidomyiid species on these plants is probably higher given that the faunas of Africa and Arabia are virtually unstudied and those of Central Asia and the Mediterranean Basin merit more careful study. Many gall-midge species on Suaeda develop without gall formation and are discovered by chance or through targeted sampling, and their host ranges have not been investigated thoroughly. In the present study we describe six new species from Suaeda in Israel, Dasyneuriola prolifica, Baldratia arida, Careopalpis latita, C. lanceocercis, C. yotvata and Suaediola quotidiana, some of which most likely occur also in neighboring countries. The genus Suaediola is newly described for four species, three of which are transferred to it from Stefaniola: Suaediola defoliata n. comb., Suaediola rufa n. comb. and Suaediola siliqua n. comb. We also provide the first description of pupae and adults for Baldratia suaedae, which was known so far only from its larvae. The validity of all Israeli species of Careopalpis and Suaediola is corroborated by the analysis of mtCOI sequences. Our results suggest a high level of specialization in chenopod gall-midges and demonstrate the utility of molecular data for distinguishing cryptic species and defining their host ranges.
|Number of pages||36|
|Journal||Israel Journal of Entomology|
|State||Published - 2019|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We thank noa Keidar, nir Bonda, amnon freidberg, leonid fridman and Dany simon (tel aviv university) for their help in fieldwork, the staff of enot Zuqim and tel Dor nature reserves for their ongoing help and cooperation, Helmut freitag (Kassel university, germany) for consultation on the identity of Suaeda species from spain and Portugal, oz rittner (tel aviv university) for the photos of live midges, Hans-Peter tschorsnig (staatliches museum für naturkunde, stuttgart), emilia nartchuk (Zoological Institute, russian academy of sciences, st. Petersburg) and gunvi lindberg (swedish museum of natural History, stockholm) for the loan of material from the collections under their care, and mathias Jaschhof and raymond gagné for comments on the manuscript. this study was supported by grants from the Israel science foundation (grant no. 181/13) and the Israel taxonomy Initiative to nD. fieldwork was conducted under permit numbers 2012/38653, 2013/40027, 2014/40503, 2015/40969, 2016/41370, 2017/41750, issued by the Israel nature and Park authority.
We thank Noa Keidar, Nir Bonda, Amnon Freidberg, Leonid Fridman and Dany Simon (Tel Aviv University) for their help in fieldwork, the staff of Enot Zuqim and Tel Dor nature reserves for their ongoing help and cooperation, Helmut Freitag (Kassel University, Germany) for consultation on the identity of Suaeda species from Spain and Portugal, Oz Rittner (Tel Aviv University) for the photos of live midges, Hans-Peter Tschorsnig (Staatliches Museum f?r Naturkunde, Stuttgart), Emilia Nartchuk (Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg) and Gunvi Lindberg (Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm) for the loan of material from the collections under their care, and Mathias Jaschhof and Raymond Gagn? for comments on the manuscript. This study was supported by grants from the Israel Science Foundation (grant no. 181/13) and the Israel Taxonomy Initiative to ND. Fieldwork was conducted under permit numbers 2012/38653, 2013/40027, 2014/40503, 2015/40969, 2016/41370, 2017/41750, issued by the Israel Nature and Park Authority.
© 2019, Entomological Society of Israel. All rights reserved.
Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.
- Cryptic species
- Dasyneu riola
- Host range
- Middle East
- New combinations
- New genus
- New species