The problem of finding a minimum-weight augmenting edge-set to make a graph 3-vertex connected is considered. This problem is known to be NP-complete. We present a new 3-approximation algorithm for making an arbitrary graph 3-vertex connected. Our algorithm is simpler and faster than the previously known 3-approximation algorithm by a factor of O(n2), where n is the number of vertices of the graph. We also consider the problem of increasing the vertex-connectivity of a 2-connected graph from 2 to 3.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We are grateful to Rafi Hassin for many stimulating discussion. Partial support was received from the Technion fund for promotion of research.
- Approximation algorithm
- Augmentation problem
- Vertex connectivity