Epigenetic learning in non-neural organisms

Simona Ginsburg, Eva Jablonka

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Learning involves a usually adaptive response to an input (an external stimulus or the organisms own behaviour) in which the input-response relation is memorized; some physical traces of the relation persist and can later be the basis of a more effective response. Using toy models we show that this characterization applies not only to the paradigmatic case of neural learning, but also to cellular responses that are based on epigenetic mechanisms of cell memory. The models suggest that the research agenda of epigenetics needs to be expanded.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)633-646
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Biosciences
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2009


  • Cell memory
  • Engram
  • Epigenetic inheritance
  • Epigenetic recall
  • Habituation
  • Learning
  • Plasticity
  • Sensitization


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