The Congested Clique is a distributed-computing model for single-hop networks with restricted bandwidth that has been very intensively studied recently. It models a network by an n-vertex graph in which any pair of vertices can communicate one with another by transmitting O(log n) bits in each round. Various problems have been studied in this setting, but for some of them the best-known results are those for general networks. For other problems, the results for Congested Cliques are better than on general networks, but still incur significant dependency on the number of vertices n. Hence the performance of these algorithms may become poor on large cliques, even though their diameter is just 1. In this paper we devise significantly improved algorithms for various symmetry-breaking problems, such as forests-decompositions, vertex-colorings, and maximal independent set. We analyze the running time of our algorithms as a function of the arboricity a of a clique subgraph that is given as input. The arboricity is always smaller than the number of vertices n in the subgraph, and for many families of graphs it is significantly smaller. In particular, trees, planar graphs, graphs with constant genus, and many other graphs have bounded arboricity, but unbounded size. We obtain O(a)-forest-decomposition algorithm with O(log a) time that improves the previously-known O(log n) time, O(a2+ε)-coloring in O(log*n) time that improves upon an O(log n)-time algorithm, O(a)-coloring in (aε)-time that improves upon several previous algorithms, and a maximal independent set algorithm with O(√a}) time that improves at least quadratically upon the state-of-the-art for small and moderate values of a. Those results are achieved using several techniques. First, we produce a forest decomposition with a helpful structure called H-partition within O(log a) rounds. In general graphs this structure requires Θ(log n) time, but in Congested Cliques we are able to compute it faster. We employ this structure in conjunction with partitioning techniques that allow us to solve various symmetry-breaking problems efficiently.
|Title of host publication||Computer Science - Theory and Applications - 13th International Computer Science Symposium in Russia, CSR 2018, Proceedings|
|Editors||Vladimir V. Podolskii, Fedor V. Fomin|
|Number of pages||12|
|State||Published - 2018|
|Event||13th International Computer Science Symposium in Russia, CSR 2018 - Moscow, Russian Federation|
Duration: 6 Jun 2018 → 10 Jun 2018
|Name||Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)|
|Conference||13th International Computer Science Symposium in Russia, CSR 2018|
|Period||6/06/18 → 10/06/18|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research has been supported by ISF grant 724/15 and Open University of Israel research fund. Full version of this paper is available online: https://arxiv.org/pdf/ 1802.07209.pdf.
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