Digital literacy: A Conceptual Framework for Survival Skills in the Digital Era

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Digital literacy involves more than the mere ability to use
software or operate a digital device; it includes a large variety of complex cognitive, motor, sociological, and emotional
skills, which users need in order to function effectively in
digital environments. The tasks required in this context include, for example, “reading” instructions from graphical
displays in user interfaces; using digital reproduction to create new, meaningful materials from existing ones; constructing knowledge from a nonlinear, hypertextual navigation;
evaluating the quality and validity of information; and have a
mature and realistic understanding of the “rules” that prevail
in the cyberspace. This newly emerging concept of digital
literacy may be used as a measure of the quality of learners’
work in digital environments, and provide scholars and developers with a more effective means of communication in
designing better user-oriented environments. This article proposes a holistic, refined conceptual framework for digital literacy, which includes photo-visual literacy; reproduction literacy; branching literacy; information literacy; and socioemotional literacy
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)93-106
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2004


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