Following the familiar distinction between software and hardware, this chapter argues that web archives deserve to be treated as a third category-memoryware: specific forms of preservation techniques which involve both software and hardware, but also crawlers, bots, curators, and users. While historically the term memoryware refers to the art of cementing together bits and pieces of sentimental objects to commemorate loved ones, understanding web archives as a complex socio-technical memoryware moves beyond their perception as bits and pieces of the live Web. Instead, understanding web archives as memoryware hints at the premise of the web's exceptionalism in media and communication history and calls for revisiting some of the concepts and best practices in web archiving and web archive research that have consolidated over the years. The chapter, therefore, presents new challenges for web archive research by turning a critical eye on web archiving itself and on the specific types of histories that are constructed with web archives.
|Title of host publication||The Past Web|
|Subtitle of host publication||Exploring Web Archives|
|Editors||Daniel Gomes, Elena Demidova, Jane Winters, Thomas Risse|
|Place of Publication||Cham|
|Publisher||Springer International Publishing|
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - 1 Aug 2021|
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