We study the distributed message-passing model in which a communication network is represented by a graph G = (V, E). Usually, the measure of complexity that is considered in this model is the worst-case complexity, which is the largest number of rounds performed by a vertex v ∈ V. Often this is a reasonable measure, but in some occasions it does not express sufficiently well the actual performance of the algorithm. For example, an execution in which one processor performs r rounds, and all the rest perform significantly less rounds than r, has the same running time as an execution in which all processors perform the same number of rounds r. On the other hand, the latter execution is less efficient in several respects, such as energy efficiency, task execution efficiency, local-neighborhood efficiency and simulation efficiency. Consequently, a more appropriate measure is required in these cases. Recently, the vertex-averaged complexity was proposed by . In this measure, the running time is the worst-case average of rounds over the number of vertices. Feuilloley  showed that leader-election admits an algorithm with significantly better vertex-averaged complexity than worst-case complexity. On the other hand, for O(1)-coloring of rings, the worst-case and vertex-averaged complexities are the same. This complexity is O (log∗ n) . It remained open whether the vertex-averaged complexity of symmetry-breaking in general graphs can be better than the worst-case complexity. In this paper we devise symmetry-breaking algorithms with significantly improved vertex-averaged complexity for general graphs, as well as specific graph families. Some algorithms of ours have significantly better vertex-averaged complexity than the best-possible worst case complexity. For example, for general graphs, we devise an O(a2)-vertex-coloring algorithm with vertex-averaged complexity of O(log log n), where the arboricity a is the minimum number of forests that the graph’s edges can be partitioned into. In the worst-case, this requires Ω(log n) rounds .
|Title of host publication||SPAA 2018 - Proceedings of the 30th ACM Symposium on Parallelism in Algorithms and Architectures|
|Publisher||Association for Computing Machinery|
|Number of pages||4|
|State||Published - 11 Jul 2018|
|Event||30th ACM Symposium on Parallelism in Algorithms and Architectures, SPAA 2018 - Vienna, Austria|
Duration: 16 Jul 2018 → 18 Jul 2018
|Name||Annual ACM Symposium on Parallelism in Algorithms and Architectures|
|Conference||30th ACM Symposium on Parallelism in Algorithms and Architectures, SPAA 2018|
|Period||16/07/18 → 18/07/18|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
∗This research has been supported by ISF grant 724/15, and by the Open University of Israel research fund. The full version of this paper is available online on arXiv.org.
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