Bodies in-between: Religious women's-only spaces and the construction of liminal identities

Michal Frenkel, Varda Wasserman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper examines the creation of women-only organizational spaces as a diversity practice and assesses their potential to facilitate the workforce inclusion of religious women from gender-conservative groups. Based on longitudinal fieldwork in two ultra-Orthodox-Jewish women-only colleges in Israel and interviews with students and staff, we demonstrate how this practice constitutes three types of liminality—spatial, social, and epistemic—that enable ultra-Orthodox women to move unimpeded between a familiar, religious environment and a secular one. In this protected and carefully curated environment, they feel safe and are able to develop new identities relevant to the secular labor market while maintaining or even enhancing their traditional, religious sense of self. The liminal space of the college reinforces their sense of belonging to a space of their own and serves as a bridge that helps them cope with the secular world.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1161-1177
Number of pages17
JournalGender, Work and Organization
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Authors. Gender, Work & Organization published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.


  • gender–religion
  • inclusion
  • liminal identities
  • liminal places
  • safe spaces
  • ultra-Orthodox women


Dive into the research topics of 'Bodies in-between: Religious women's-only spaces and the construction of liminal identities'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this