## Abstract

In this paper, we initiate the study of designing approximation algorithms for Fault-Tolerant Group-Steiner (FTGS) problems. The motivation is to protect the well-studied group-Steiner networks from edge or vertex failures. In Fault-Tolerant Group-Steiner problems, we are given a graph with edge- (or vertex-) costs, a root vertex, and a collection of subsets of vertices called groups. The objective is to find a minimum-cost subgraph that has two edge- (or vertex-) disjoint paths from each group to the root. We present approximation algorithms and hardness results for several variants of this basic problem, e.g., edge-costs vs. vertex-costs, edge-connectivity vs. vertex-connectivity, and 2-connecting from each group a single vertex vs. many vertices. Main contributions of our paper include the introduction of very general structural lemmas on connectivity and a charging scheme that may find more applications in the future. Our algorithmic results are supplemented by inapproximability results, which are tight in some cases. Our algorithms employ a variety of techniques. For the edge-connectivity variant, we use a primal-dual based algorithm for covering an uncrossable set-family, while for the vertex-connectivity version, we prove a new graph-theoretic lemma that shows equivalence between obtaining two vertex-disjoint paths from two vertices and 2-connecting a carefully chosen single vertex. To handle large group-sizes, we use a p-Steiner tree algorithm to identify the "correct" pair of terminals from each group to be connected to the root. We also use a non-trivial charging scheme to improve the approximation ratio for the most general problem we consider.

Original language | English |
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Title of host publication | Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science, FSTTCS 2009 - 29th Annual Conference, Proceedings |

Pages | 263-274 |

Number of pages | 12 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 2009 |

Event | 29th International Conference on the Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science, FSTTCS 2009 - Kanpur, India Duration: 15 Dec 2009 → 17 Dec 2009 |

### Publication series

Name | Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics, LIPIcs |
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Volume | 4 |

ISSN (Print) | 1868-8969 |

### Conference

Conference | 29th International Conference on the Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science, FSTTCS 2009 |
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Country/Territory | India |

City | Kanpur |

Period | 15/12/09 → 17/12/09 |

### Bibliographical note

Funding Information:We would like to thank an anonymous referee for his comments that helped considerably improve the presentation of the paper. The second author was partially supported by NSF grant 08129959.