Anxiety-related somatic reactions during missile attacks

A. Carmeli, N. Liberman, L. Mevorach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


During the Persian Gulf war the Israeli civilian population was the target of missile attacks that could have carried poison gas warheads. During the attacks all civilians were ordered to wear gas masks and move into sealed rooms. Four telephone surveys studied the somatic reactions to this anxiety-arousing situation. The percent of subjects reporting the somatic reactions declined from 38% after the first attack to 20% 12 days later. Somatic reactions were more prevalent among females than males, and among those who completed elementary school only compared to those with an academic education. A complex pattern of relationships between expectancies about chemical warfare attacks and somatic reactions is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)677-680
Number of pages4
JournalIsrael Journal of Medical Sciences
Issue number11-12
StatePublished - 1991
Externally publishedYes


  • Anxiety
  • Disaster
  • Expectancies
  • Persian Gulf war


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