This article attempts to explain transformations in military-society relations using models developed in the context of political participation and social learning. The authors suggest that patterns of alternative politics might evolve from the undermining of the "republican contract," that is, the exchange between citizens' military sacrifice and the rights and rewards granted to them by the state. This situation creates growing dissatisfaction among citizens that may trigger collective action, even among soldiers. Barriers to internal bargaining within the military generate modes of alternative politics in the military-society realm. Drawing from the case of Israel, the authors illustrate these strategies by focusing on conscientious objection, "gray refusal," reservists' rebellions, and a direct form of civilian monitoring of the army.
Copyright 2008 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.
- Alternative politics
- Republican contract
- Society-military relations