The 2004 December 27 giant γ-ray flare detected from the magnetar SGR 1806-20 created an expanding radio nebula that we have monitored with the Australia Telescope Compact Array and the Very Large Array. These data indicate that there was an increase in the observed flux ∼25 days after the initial flare that lasted for ∼8 days, which we believe is the result of ambient material swept up and shocked by this radio nebula. For a distance to SGR 1806-20 of 15 kpc, using the properties of this rebrightening, we infer that the initial blast wave was dominated by baryonic material of mass M ≳ 10 24.5 g. For an initial expansion velocity v ∼ 0.7c (as derived in an accompanying paper), we infer that this material had an initial kinetic energy E ≳ 1044.5 ergs. If this material originated from the magnetar itself, it may have emitted a burst of ultra-high-energy (E > 1 TeV) neutrinos far brighter than that expected from other astrophysical sources.
- Pulsars: individual (SGR 1806-20)
- Radio continuum: stars
- Shock waves
- Stars: magnetic fields
- Stars: neutron