We propose subsampling as a unified algorithmic technique for submodular maximization in centralized and online settings. The idea is simple: independently sample elements from the ground set and use simple combinatorial techniques (such as greedy or local search) on these sampled elements. We show that this approach leads to optimal/state-of-the-art results despite being much simpler than existing methods. In the usual off-line setting, we present SAMPLEGREEDY, which obtains a (p + 2 + o(1))-approximation for maximizing a submodular function subject to a p-extendible system using O(n + nk=p) evaluation and feasibility queries, where k is the size of the largest feasible set. The approximation ratio improves to p + 1 and p for monotone submodular and linear objectives, respectively. In the streaming setting, we present SAMPLE-STREAMING, which obtains a (4p + 2 − o(1))-approximation for maximizing a submodular function subject to a p-matchoid using O(k) memory and O(km=p) evaluation and feasibility queries per element, and m is the number of matroids defining the p-matchoid. The approximation ratio improves to 4p for monotone submodular objectives. We empirically demonstrate the effectiveness of our algorithms on video summarization, location summarization, and movie recommendation tasks.
ملاحظة ببليوغرافيةPublisher Copyright:
© 2021 INFORMS