Some strong natural fluctuations of climate in the Eastern Mediter-ranean (EM) region are shown to be connected to the major tropical systems, e.g., El Niño Southern Oscillation, South Asian Monsoon and hurricanes. Modelling of the severe floods suggests a relation to tropical hurricanes. For a specific event, high-resolution modelling of the severe flood on December 3-5, 2001 in Israel suggests a relation to hurricane Olga. In order to understand the factors governing the Eastern Mediterranean climate variability in the summer season, the relationship between extreme summer temperatures and the South Asian Monsoon was examined. Other tropical factors, like the Red Sea Trough system and the Saharan dust, also contribute to the Mediterranean climate variability.
|الصفحات (من إلى)
|Nuovo Cimento della Societa Italiana di Fisica C
|نُشِر - 2006