Making reading easier: The Influence of Vowelization in a Deep Language Orthography on Online Text Comprehension

Yoram Eshet, Karen Precel, Ronit Webman, Batsheva Engelberg-Behr

نتاج البحث: فصل من :كتاب / تقرير / مؤتمرمنشور من مؤتمرمراجعة النظراء


The rapid growth in present-day communication technologies has led to an accelerating shift in reading habits, from print to digital-online. Due to design and usability constraints that involve online reading, such as hyperlinks, scrolling and line-length, it is of great importance to improve readability and accessibility of online information, particularly (1) in deep orthography languages, which often lack correspondence between letters and sounds (Frost, Katz & Bentin, 1987); (2) in countries where multiple languages are spoken; and (3) for people with reading disabilities. The Hebrew language is an ancient deep-orthography language that uses a punctuation system (diacritical marks) which provides vowel information to improve readability and comprehension, especially for low-frequency words (Koriat, 1994; Frost, Bentin & Katz, 1987), borrowed words (Birnboim & Share, 1995), and words that are ambiguous without vowels: the same sequence of letters produces two different pronunciations and meanings (Frost, 1995). Vowelization is most important for children at the early stages of learning Hebrew (Shimron, 1993), for nonnative Hebrew speakers, for individuals with reading difficulties (Gvion & Friedmann, 2001, Birnboim & Share, 1995), and when reading under time constraints. To date, most studies have tested the readability of single words. The effect of vowelization on the readability of words in context has not been tested or standardized. The present study examines the effect of online text vowelization of Hebrew words in context on reading among native Hebrew speakers and speakers of Hebrew as a second language. Results will facilitate the determination of criteria for vowelization to improve online reading. In a country that unites individuals with various language backgrounds (i.e. Arab-Israelis, immigrants from Russia and other countries) and that stands at the forefront of technology, it is most important to create a readable, accessible and thus usable computerized environment. The characteristics of the Hebrew language enable us to examine the conditions under which vowelization may contribute to the minimization of on-line reading errors, which will allow creating such a computerized environment.

اللغة الأصليةالإنجليزيّة
عنوان منشور المضيفHuman-Computer Interaction
العنوان الفرعي لمنشور المضيفHCI Intelligent Multimodal Interaction Environments - 12th International Conference, HCI International 2007, Proceedings
ناشرSpringer Verlag
الصفحات 969-974
عدد الصفحات6
طبعةPART 4
رقم المعيار الدولي للكتب (المطبوع)9783540731092
حالة النشرنُشِر - 2007
الحدث12th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, HCI International 2007 - Beijing, الصين
المدة: ٢٢ يوليو ٢٠٠٧٢٧ يوليو ٢٠٠٧

سلسلة المنشورات

الاسمLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
الرقمPART 4
مستوى الصوت4553 LNCS
رقم المعيار الدولي للدوريات (المطبوع)0302-9743
رقم المعيار الدولي للدوريات (الإلكتروني)1611-3349


!!Conference12th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, HCI International 2007


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